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华章英韵 | 和端午 ‖总第6期

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发表于 2019-6-15 20:02:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 宛城卧龙 于 2019-6-16 22:58 编辑


主 持 人


王如利(Wang Ruli)
丁立群Ding Liqun)




Introduction
  端午时节话屈原,张耒的这首《和端午》自始至终虽然对屈原只字未提,但对屈原的哀悼之情却溢于字里行间,凄清悲切,意蕴深远。本期《华章英韵》特邀Rhapsodia,刘群女士,执笔主译并朗诵,请欣赏。

    Dragon Boat Festival is an occasion to commemorate the death of Qu Yuan, a poet and patriotic minister. Though Zhang Lei's Responsory to Duanwu Festival mentions not a single word about Qu Yuan, the deep and profound grief for Qu Yuan overflows between the lines. For this issue of Chinese Verse in English Rhyme, we feel greatly honored that Rhapsodia, Ms. Liu Qun, has accepted our invitation to translate and recite the poem.






和端午
(宋)张耒

竞渡深悲千载冤,
忠魂一去讵能还。
国亡身殒今何有,
只留离骚在世间。

书法:蔡铁勇

Responsoryto Duanwu Festival
Zhang Lei (Song Dynasty)
Translated by Rhapsodia

Th’ wronged soul of yore the regatta laments,
A loyal heart gone, and won’t return thence.
What th’ conquered country and the lost life left, ‚
Is but Li Sao that of us not bereft.

Notes:
      (1) The Duanwu Festival, also known as the Dragon Boat Festival, is a traditional Chinese holiday occurring on the 5th day of the 5th month of lunar calendar, hence the name Double Fifth Festival. The best-known story holds that the festival commemorates the death of the poet and patriotic minister Qu Yuan (c. 340–278 BC) of the ancient state of Chu during the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty. A cabinet member of the Chu royal house, Qu served in high offices. However, when the king decided to ally with the increasingly powerful state of Qin, Qu was banished for opposing the alliance and even accused of treason. During his exile, Qu Yuan wrote a great deal of poetry. Twenty-eight years later, Qin captured Ying, the Chu capital. In despair, Qu Yuan committed suicide by drowning himself in the Miluo River.
It is said that the local people, who admired him, raced out in their boats to save him, or at least retrieve his body. This is said to have been the origin of dragon boat races. When his body could not be found, they dropped balls of sticky rice into the river so that the fish would eat them instead of Qu Yuan's body. This is said to be the origin of zongzi. (Mainly cited from Wikipedia)
        (2) “The conquered country” refers to the ancient state of Chu, for which Qu Yuan served as a cadet member of the royal house. “the lost life” refers to Qu Yuan who committed suicide in despair when his country was subdued by Qin.
        (3) Li Sao is Qu Yuan’s signature poem, a remarkable example of Chinese poetry.

Translator's Notes
  大凡含有深厚中国文化背景的诗歌,于翻译者来说都是极大的挑战。无论从表意或内涵,若没有中国文化历史知识的铺垫,恐怕难以理解和欣赏。端午节这个传统节日所包含的意义、涵盖的内容极其丰富。张耒的这首诗自始至终对屈原只字未提,中国人都清楚的,对外国人并非常识。我主张诗歌翻译应尽力保持原诗的文本内容不增不减,同时兼顾各种意象带给不同文化读者的感受是否一致。若文本中添加了解释性翻译,则有悖于我的原则。其次,像屈原这样的故事内容,要用简单的几个词语交带清楚,恐怕难以做到。虽然诗歌翻译中加注是下策,但不得已时不妨一用。

      It is a great challenge to translate Chinese classic poems of profound cultural background. English readers, if not familiar with Chinese history and culture, would find it difficult to understand the denotation of the text, and even harder to grasp the connotation. The traditional holiday of Duanwu holds its roots deep in history and customs around it are ample, though the Dragon Boat Race may not be an entirely foreign event in the western world nowadays. This poem of Zhang Lei mentions not a single word about the persona, Qu Yuan. Common knowledge in one culture may be an absolute obscurity for people of another.
     In poem translation, I believe in staying true to original content, since any adulteration would bring imprimitive stains to its native beauty. In the meantime, consideration must be given to the consistency of impressions created in different languages. Thus, adding explanatory contents to the target counterpart of a poem is totally against my rules. Besides, a story as complex as Qu Yuan’s, cannot possibly be told in the translation text of the poem, even with a laconic attempt. Nonetheless, the purpose of translation is to facilitate understanding. Adding notation is a good alternative to achieving this goal.

About the Translator
  Rhapsodia,原名刘群,中文笔名晚枫。英语专业研究生毕业,从事语言教学和翻译工作三十余年,曾执教于北京语言学院。1992年出国后,在英语国家从事语言相关工作至今。主要翻译作品有诗歌、歌词、近百部电影和电视片。出版英译新编历史剧《黄叶红楼》、《汉英笔译全译实践教程》(合著)。现居加拿大。

      Rhapsodia, aka Wan Feng, is the English pen name of Liu Qun, a postgraduate of English major. She has been working with languages for more than 30 years. She used to teach in Beijing Language and Culture University (formerly Beijing Language Institute) and continued working in the areas of translation and language teaching since moving overseas in 1992. Her main translation works range from poetry, lyrics, to subtitles of nearly 100 movies and TV series. Her major publications include Chinese-to-English translation of Yellow Leaves and Red Mansion, a new historical play, and a co-authored translation textbook A Coursebook of Complete Chinese-English Translation. She currently lives in Canada.




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 楼主| 发表于 2019-6-15 20:43:29 | 显示全部楼层
中国诗歌论坛
华章英韵 | 和端午 ‖总第6期
制作完成,敬请批评指导
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发表于 2019-6-16 20:25:30 | 显示全部楼层
中国诗歌论坛
欣赏,辛苦了!问好!
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发表于 2019-6-19 11:19:44 | 显示全部楼层
为什么我发的诗贴不能显示!请站务老师回复!谢谢你!
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